Home » 学术转发 » 名词 » 闪锌矿 Sphalerite (zinc blende, ZnS)

闪锌矿 Sphalerite (zinc blende, ZnS)

Sphalerite is a sulfide mineral with the chemical formula (Zn,Fe)S. It is the most important ore of zinc. Sphalerite is found in a variety of deposit types, but it is primarily in sedimentary exhalative, Mississippi-Valley type, and volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits. It is found in association with galena, chalcopyrite, pyrite (and other sulfides), calcite, dolomite, quartz, rhodochrosite, and fluorite.

German geologist Ernst Friedrich Glocker discovered sphalerite in 1847, naming it based on the Greek word sphaleros, meaning "deceiving", due to the difficulty of identifying the mineral.

In addition to zinc, sphalerite is an ore of cadmium, gallium, germanium, and indium. Miners have been known to refer to sphalerite as zinc blende, black-jack, and ruby blende. Marmatite is an opaque black variety with a high iron content.

参考资料:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sphalerite

https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-cn/閃鋅礦

11 次浏览
FavoriteLoading加入收藏

作者归档

文章分类

最近发布(原创文章+学术转发)

最近发布(其他转发+默认分类)